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Business organizations care about expenditure and profits. The former has tried to establish long-term relations with policy makers (government agencies) to receive specific incentives as direct compensation to lower business expenditures for competitive and profitable advantages.
In particular markets, a government gives incentives to corporations in forms of low and zero taxes, low-interest and zero-interest loans, and subsidized budgets of R&D and business construction. State-funded R&D centers and other state-run agencies can access government resources and provide free-of-charge know-how and technological expertise to domestic business firms as strategic competitive tools to foreign companies.
Policy makers usually run for their office terms with money or funds raised from donors, philanthropists and supporters. The donors are consumers, business firms, investors and others. They have specific interests that may shape policy makers’ agendas and ideologies. Incentives are written and supported by policy makers as payback gifts to supporters or business communities.